Special Education History and Law

Overview | Readings and Resources | Video Discussions | Websites | Earn a Badge | Learn More


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OVERVIEW

Congress and states create federal and state laws regarding special education.  Special education law states that students with disabilities have a right to a free appropriate public education (FAPE) in the least-restrictive environment (LRE). A student’s special education services and supports, which might include related servicesaccommodations, and modifications, are outlined in his or her individualized education program (IEP).  Decisions made through court cases interpret the law.  Educators should be familiar with the special education law and major court cases that interpret the law to understand how school district procedures enable educators to enact these laws.

VIDEO DISCUSSIONS

History of Special Education Quick Overview of the development of U.S. Law after WWII (3:01 min) Article with the information in writing

History of Special Education traced through U.S. Laws

 

 WEBSITES

WrightsLaw Brief Special Education History  http://www.wrightslaw.com/law/art/history.spec.ed.law.htm

PDF file of the WrightsLaw Brief History of Special Education History  http://www.wrightslaw.com/bks/lawbk/ch3.history.pdf

Winzer, M. (2006). Confronting difference: an excursion through the history of special education. The SAGE Handbook of Special Education.  http://www.uk.sagepub.com/gargiulo4emedia/study/chapters/handbook/handbook1.2.pdf

 A textbook chapter with more background than the WrightsLaw resource.

New York Resources for Special Education Law

State Education Department's Office of P-12 Education
http://www.p12.nysed.gov/specialed/

Publications http://www.p12.nysed.gov/specialed/publications/

Main Website for NY http://www.nysed.gov/

NY Parent Guide http://www.p12.nysed.gov/specialed/publications/policy/parentsguide.pdf

NY Advocates Guide 2013
http://www.advocatesforchildren.org/sites/default/files/library/guide_to_special_ed.pdf?pt=1

NY Parent Support Group for Children with Special Needs
http://www.parenttoparentnys.org/education/

NY Parent Centers http://www.p12.nysed.gov/specialed/techassist/parentcenters.htm

NY Special Education Task Force
https://www.nyspecialedtaskforce.org/

State Senate- Special Education Issues
http://www.nysenate.gov/issues/education/special-education

Board of Cooperative Education http://www.capitalregionboces.org/SpecEd/Index.cfm

The New York Institute for Special Education(NYISE) is a private, 501(c)(3) nonprofit, nonsectarian educational facility which provides quality programs for children who are blind or visually disabled, emotionally and learning disabled and preschoolers who are developmentally delayed. http://www.nyise.org/

New York City Resources for Families with Children with Special Needs
http://schools.nyc.gov/Academics/SpecialEducation/tellmemore/importantDocuments.htm

New York State Site for Response to Intervention 
http://www.nysrti.org/

News
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/s/special_education_handicapped/index.html

EARN A BADGE

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Disability History Museum

http://www.disabilitymuseum.org/dhm/index.html

The Disability History Museum's mission is to foster a deeper understanding about how changing cultural values, notions of identity, laws and policies have shaped and influenced the experience of people with disabilities, their families and their communities over time.

Museum of Disability History, Buffalo NY

http://museumofdisability.org/

The Museum of disABILITY History is dedicated to advancing the understanding, acceptance and independence of people with disabilities. The Museum’s exhibits, collections, archives and educational programs create awareness and a platform for dialogue and discovery.

 


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