Intellectual Disability

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OVERVIEW

Significantly sub average general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

Intellectual Disability Fact Sheet

An impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance but is not included under the definition of “deafness”.  

A condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child’s educational performance:                

(a) An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors. 
(b) An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers.  
(c) Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances.
(d) A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression.
(e) A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.  

The term includes schizophrenia.  The term does not apply to children who are socially maladjusted, unless it is determined that they have an emotional disturbance.   

Children from birth to age three (under IDEA Part C) and children from ages three through nine (under IDEA Part B), the term developmental delay, as defined by each State, means a delay in one or more of the following areas: physical development; cognitive development; communication; social or emotional development; or adaptive (behavioral) development.

A hearing impairment so severe that a child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

READINGS AND RESOURCES

BRIEF FACT SHEET: A legacy resource from NICHCY: INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY

 

VIDEO DISCUSSIONS

 

Emma Has Down Syndrome

EVIDENCED-BASED PRACTICES

 

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Multiple Disabilities » « Hearing Impairment
 

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