Universal Screening-Behavior

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Once Tier 1 Universal features have been completed, schools can design systems to support students who are identified as needing additional Tier 1 Targeted supports to be successful. The first step in this process is to design universal processes for screening students who are potentially at-risk. There are two effective types of screening processes. The first type involves locally developed behavioral risk indicators along with a set of decision rules. First, schools would identify a small number (3-5) of behavioral indictors such as minor or major behavioral infractions, absences, tardies, non-medical visits to the nurse’s office, etc. for which data is already available. Next, for each indicator, the school would develop a cut score (e.g., 3 or more) within a certain time frame or reporting period (e.g., 2 months, per academic quarter). Using this process, a list of students who exceed the cut scores on any of the indicators would be determined as potentially at-risk. That group of students would be discussed with a problem solving team to determine if there was sufficient risk to identify needed Tier 2 supports for them to be successful. The second approach involves using a scientifically valid and reliable screening instrument characterized by (1) high internal consis­tency and test-retest stability and (2) strong feasibility in terms of low cost, time and human resources. Examples of screening tools include the BASC-2 Behavioral and Emotional Screening System (Kamphaus & Reynolds, 2009), the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ; Goodman, 1997), and the Student Risk Screening Scale (SRSS; Drummond, 1994). Each tool has specific procedures and scoring scales to determine risk. Once students have been screened for risk using the respective instrument, a team-based approach to addressing relative risk, notifying families, providing targeted group interventions and supports, and evaluating the success of the interventions is needed.


NH Sandown North Elementary- Systematic Screening

NM Sandown Elementary Systematic Screening Video 


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Using Systematic Screening Data to Assess Risk and Identify Students for Targeted Supports: Illustrations Across the K-12 Continuum. Kathleen Lane, et. al. (2010).

A Comparison of Systematic Screening Tools for Emotional and Behavioral Disorders. Kathleen Lane, et. al. (2009)

For universal screening related to assessment other than behavior, click here.

By Howard Muscott, posted on Thursday January 2, 2014


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